What Movement Tried to End Racial Discrimination Quizlet: Tracing the History of Civil Rights Activism

Jacob Frink
By Jacob Frink 4 Min Read

The struggle for civil rights and the quest to end racial discrimination has been a long and storied journey, marked by the courage and tenacity of activists and movements that sought to dismantle systemic inequalities. This guide delves into the heart of one such pivotal movement, answering the question: What movement tried to end racial discrimination? We’ll explore the history of civil rights activism, tracing its origins, key figures, and landmark achievements that have shaped the quest for equality in the United States.

The Civil Rights Movement: An Overview

The Civil Rights Movement is the most iconic and transformative movement in American history aimed at ending racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. Spanning primarily the 1950s and 1960s, it sought to secure African Americans’ legal and civil rights that had been denied for centuries.

Key Events and Legislation

  • 1954 – Brown v. Board of Education: This landmark Supreme Court decision declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
  • 1963 – March on Washington: A massive protest in Washington, D.C., where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech.
  • 1964 – Civil Rights Act: Enacted legislation that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • 1965 – Voting Rights Act: Eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that were used to disenfranchise African Americans.

Influential Figures in The Civil Rights Movement

Name Contribution
Martin Luther King Jr. Leader of the civil rights movement, famous for nonviolent protests and inspirational speeches.
Rosa Parks Her refusal to give up her bus seat triggered the Montgomery Bus Boycott, an important catalyst for the movement.
Malcolm X A proponent of Black empowerment and the use of self-defense in the face of violence, he later advocated for racial harmony.
John Lewis An icon of the civil rights movement, he led the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and was instrumental in organizing the March on Washington.

Legacy and Continuing Impact

The Civil Rights Movement drastically altered the fabric of American society, ushering in a new era of legal and social equality. Its impact extends beyond the significant legislative victories, fostering a culture of resistance and activism that challenges racial discrimination to this day. Movements such as Black Lives Matter continue the fight against racial injustice, drawing inspiration from the tactics and spirit of their predecessors.

Understanding the history and legacy of the Civil Rights Movement is essential for anyone looking to comprehend the complexities of racial issues in the United States. It reminds us that progress is possible through collective action and moral courage, laying the groundwork for future generations to build a more just and equitable society.


The saga of the Civil Rights Movement, with its triumphs and struggles, teaches us invaluable lessons about justice, unity, and the power of collective action. By studying this pivotal chapter in history, we gain insights into the enduring struggle against racial discrimination and the continual effort needed to achieve true equality for all.

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