The African National Congress Was Founded to Quizlet: Unveiling Its Purpose and Mission

Jacob Frink
By Jacob Frink 3 Min Read

The African National Congress (ANC) stands as a beacon of hope and resistance in the struggle for freedom and equality in South Africa. Since its inception, the ANC’s mission has been to dismantle apartheid and foster a society where all individuals have equal rights. This guide delves into the origins, purpose, and enduring legacy of the ANC, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding of its foundational principles and achievements.

Founding Principles and Objectives

Established in 1912, the African National Congress was founded with the primary goal of uniting African people and spearheading the fight against racial oppression. The organization sought to create a non-racial, democratic South Africa where the rights and freedoms of every citizen are protected. Over the years, the ANC’s objectives have evolved, but its core mission remains the same – to eliminate discrimination and promote equality.

Key Milestones in the ANC’s History

  • 1912: Formation of the ANC to unite African people against colonialism and apartheid.
  • 1955: Adoption of the Freedom Charter, outlining the vision for a democratic South Africa.
  • 1960: Sharpeville Massacre, highlighting the brutalities of the apartheid regime.
  • 1990: Legalization of the ANC and release of Nelson Mandela from prison.
  • 1994: First democratic elections in South Africa, leading to Nelson Mandela becoming president.

The ANC’s Mission and Vision

The African National Congress’s mission goes beyond the mere abolition of apartheid. It encompasses the establishment of a society based on democracy, equality, and social justice, as outlined in the Freedom Charter. The vision of the ANC is to continuously work towards a united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic, and prosperous South Africa.

Strategies for Achieving Its Mission

  1. Mobilizing the South African people to take active roles in governance and societal development.
  2. Implementing policies aimed at eradicating poverty and reducing inequality.
  3. Promoting economic growth through inclusive development strategies.
  4. Strengthening democracy and safeguarding human rights.

Legacy and Challenges

The ANC’s illustrious history is marked by significant victories against oppression. However, the party faces contemporary challenges, including criticism over governance issues, economic disparities, and corruption. Despite these hurdles, the ANC’s foundational mission of achieving freedom and equality for all South Africans continues to resonate, serving as a testament to the organization’s enduring legacy.


In summarizing the essence and ambition of the African National Congress, it becomes clear that the ANC was founded not just as a political entity but as a movement dedicated to the liberation and upliftment of the South African populace. Through its storied history of struggle, sacrifice, and eventual triumph, the ANC embodies the relentless pursuit of justice and equality. Understanding the ANC’s purpose and mission offers insight into the broader narrative of South Africa’s fight against apartheid and its ongoing path toward an equitable society.

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